Chess tournaments Chess strategy Computer chess Chess players FIDE Chess variants Chess rules and history

Gedeon Barcza

Full name Gedeon Barcza
Country Hungary
Born August 21, 1911
Title International Master (1950) Grandmaster (1954)
Peak rating 2490 (1971)
Barcza (left) vs. Paul Keres, 1961

Gedeon (Gideon) Barcza (August 21, 1911 in Kisújszállás - February 27, 1986 in Budapest) was a Hungarian chess master.

In 1940, Barcza took third place, behind Max Euwe and Milan Vidmar, at Maróczy Jubiläum in Budapest. In September 1942, he took sixth place at the first European Championship in Munich; the event was won by Alexander Alekhine. In 1948, he took second place in Karlovy Vary; the event was won by Jan Foltys. In 1948, he tied for second/third place in Venice; the event was won by Miguel Najdorf. In 1950, he tied for second/fourth place in Salzbrunn (Szczawno Zdrój); the event was won by Paul Keres. In 1952, he took fifteenth place in Saltsjöbaden (interzonal). In 1957, he won in San Benedetto del Tronto. In 1961, he took third place in Vienna. In 1962, he tied for third/sixth place in Moscow. In 1962, he tied for fourteenth/fifteenth place in Stockholm (interzonal).

Barcza won the Hungarian Chess Championship eight times (1942, 1943, 1947, 1950, 1951, 1955, 1957, and 1966) and played for Hungarian team in seven Chess Olympiads (1952, 1954, 1956,1958, 1960, 1962, and 1968). He was awarded the Grandmaster title in 1954.


Barcza is remembered for the opening 1.Nf3 d5 2.g3, known as the Barcza System. Harry Golombek once said of Barcza, "[he] is a most versatile player in the openings. He plays g2-g3 sometimes on the first, sometimes on the second, sometimes on the third, and sometimes not until the fourth move."

Notable games

Read more: