Lev Alburt, Malta 1980
|Full name||Lev Osipovich Alburt
|Born|| August 21, 1945
Lev Osipovich Alburt (born August 21, 1945 in Orenburg, Russia) is a chess Grandmaster and chess writer. He was three-time Ukrainian Champion, and after defecting to the United States in 1979, became three-time U.S. Champion.
Lev Alburt won the Ukrainian Chess Championship three times, from 1972 to 1974. He earned the International Master title in 1976, and became a Grandmaster in 1977.
Alburt defected to the United States in 1979, staying for several months with his former coach and fellow Ukrainian chess player and chess journalist Michael Faynberg. In 1980, Alburt led the U.S. Chess Olympiad team at Malta.
Alburt won the U.S. Chess Championship in 1984, 1985, and 1990 and the U.S. Open Chess Championship in 1987 and 1989. In 1986 he drew an eight-game match with British Chess Champion Jonathan Speelman.
Alburt is the author of a series of and best-selling chess books. In 2004, he was awarded the title of FIDE Senior Trainer.
A variation of Alekhine's Defence is named after him: the Alburt Variation (1.e4 Nf6 2.e5 Nd5 3.d4 d6 4.Nf3 g6).
Alburt served three years, 1985-88, on the Board of Directors of the United States Chess Federation. At the conclusion of his term, he stated that not once did he ever hear any discussion by the board of how to promote chess or bring new players into the game.
In the 1990 U.S. Championship, Alburt defeated four-time U.S. champion Yasser Seirawan with the black pieces en route to winning the championship a third time: