Anatoly (Anatoli) Vaisser (born 5 March 1949, Almaty) is a Soviet-born French chess grandmaster.
In 1982 he won the Russian Chess Championship. Vaisser shared first with Evgeny Sveshnikov at Sochi in 1983, tied for 2nd and 3rd with Viswanathan Anand, behind István Csom, at New Delhi in 1987, and took second, behind Vladimir Malaniuk, at Budapest in 1989.
Since 1991, Vaisser has represented France. He won the French championship at Narbonne 1997, and was twice runner-up (1996 and 2001).
Vaisser played twice for France in the Chess Olympiads of:
Vaisser was awarded the International Master (IM) title in 1982 and the Grandmaster (GM) title in 1985.
In 2010 Vaisser won the 20th World Senior Chess Championship and the 23rd in 2013. In the following year, he won the over-65 section of the 24th World Senior Championship, which was split for the first time in two divisions (over-50 and over-60).