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Swiss Gambit

Swiss Gambit
a b c d e f g h
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Moves 1.f4 f5 2.e4
Parent Bird's Opening

The Swiss Gambit is an chess opening which is an offshoot of Bird's Opening (1.f4) and begins with the moves:

1. f4 f5
2. e4

Published theory

The following were the main lines of the Swiss Gambit given by F. A. Lange in 1859:

Polish theoretician Alexander Wagner (1868-1942) published an article entitled A New Gambit. The Swiss Gambit in 1912. The Wagner Gambit begins with the moves: 1.f4 f5 2.e4 fxe4 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.g4.

Other uses

The term "Swiss Gambit" is also used colloquially to describe a (usually unintentional) strategy for Swiss system tournaments. In a "Swiss Gambit", a player loses or draws against weaker players early in the tournament, in the hope of being paired against weaker opposition in later rounds and finishing in the prize money.

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