Wincenty Budzyński (Budzinski, Budzinsky) (1815, Volhynia - 5 May 1866, Paris) was a Polish politician agent and Polish-French chess master.
Born into a Polish noble family in Volhynia, he graduated from the Liceum Krzemienieckie. Then he fought against Russians in the November Uprising in 1831. After being injured in a battle, he went to Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, where was arrested by Austrians and expelled two years later. He arrived in England, then in Belgium, and finally in France. He became a political agent of Adam Jerzy Czartoryski - a prominent Polish-émigre political figure, head of a political faction accordingly called the Hôtel Lambert - in the 1840s. After a collapse of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848, he married a French woman in 1850, and withdrew from political activity.
He played chess at the famous Café de la Régence in Paris, where - among others - lost casual and formal matches to Lionel Kieseritzky (1 : 2) in 1850, Serafino Dubois (6.5 : 13.5) in 1855, Paul Morphy (1.5 : 5.5, Morphy gave odds of pawn and move) in 1858 and (0 : 7) in 1859, and beat Daniel Harrwitz (3 : 1, Harrwitz gave odds of pawn and move) in 1859.