Marta Litynska (born 25 March 1949, Lviv) is a Ukrainian chess master.
Born Marta Shul, she was Soviet Women’s Champion in 1972, and Sub-Champion in 1971, 1973, and 1974. She played in 2nd Interzonal Tournament at Menorca 1973 where tied for 2nd-5th places. In 1974, she lost a semifinal match to Nana Alexandria in Riga.
Litinskaya won World Senior Chess Championship at Naumburg 2002.
Awarded the Woman International Master (WIM) title in 1972 and the Woman Grandmaster (WGM) title in 1976.
On the April 2009 FIDE list her Elo rating is 2326.