Lawrence Day (born Kitchener, Canada, February 1, 1949) is a Canadian chess International Master, author, and journalist. He has represented Canada at 13 Chess Olympiads.
As a youth in Ottawa, Day came under the influence of Fedor Bohatirchuk, a strong Ukrainian International Master and doctor, who had emigrated to Canada after the Second World War. Day's progress was rapid, and he qualified through the 1966 Open Canadian Chess Championship at Kingston, to represent Canada at the 1967 Junior World Chess Championship at Jerusalem, where he qualified for the 'A' final group. The highly experienced Bohatirchuk, who had a 3-0 score against Mikhail Botvinnik (later World Champion) exerted a very strong influence on Day's playing style.
Day first played for Canada in the Chess Olympiad in 1968 on the first reserve board (+3,=1,-8) at Lugano, his first of 13 appearances, which is a Canadian record. Day played board three for Canada (scoring +7,=1,-2) on the bronze medal team at the World Students' Chess Olympiad, Mayagüez 1971. He graduated from Carleton University in 1972 with a degree in English Literature, worked for the magazine Chess Canada for a time, and then became a professional player. He earned his International Master title at the Zonal Canadian Chess Championship, Toronto 1972.
He has been winning tournaments in Canada and North America since the late-1960s. He won the 1969 U.S. Junior Open. His biggest paycheck was for topping the field at the 1980 World Open. Day won three Canadian Open Chess Championships (1976, 1980, 1988). He won the Quebec Open Chess Championship three times (1974, 1975, 1979). He won the 1991 Closed Canadian Chess Championship. He tied for first place at the 1999 North Bay International Open, the last of that series of six annual excellent tournaments held there. So far he has won the Toronto City Championship Cup five times (1977, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1995). Day has won several dozen weekend Swiss format tournaments in Ontario since the late 1960s.
Day's Olympiad appearances for Canada have spanned 30 years, from 1968-1998, according to the comprehensive Olympiad site olimpbase.org. In his later years, during the 1990s, he several times volunteered at the last minute to fill in for players who were unable to go because of unforeseen circumstances. Day played at Skopje 1972 as second reserve (+2,=5,-3); Nice 1974 as first reserve (+5,=5,-1); Haifa 1976 as second board (+2,=6,-2); Buenos Aires 1978 as third board (+6,=3,-2); La Valletta 1980 as second board (+5,=4,-2); Lucerne 1982 as fourth board (+5,=2,-5); Thessaloniki 1984 as third board (+3,=5,-2); Dubai 1986 as third board (+8,=0,-3), winning the bronze medal; Manila 1992 as first reserve (+0,=2,-4); Moscow 1994 as fourth board (+3,=3,-3); Yerevan 1996 as first reserve (+6,=3,-2); and finally at Elista 1998 as first reserve (+3,=0,-4). His totals for Canada in Olympiad play are: +51,=39,-41, in a total of 131 games, which is the second most by a Canadian, behind only Daniel Yanofsky's 141. Canada made its best Olympiad results so far in 1976 with eighth place, eleventh place in 1978, and ninth place in 1980, and Day was a strong contributor all three times.
Day was never the undisputed top player in Canada, but he was among the top ten Canadian players for over 30 years, from the late-1960s into the late-1990s. His peak years were in the period 1978-1982, after which he was eclipsed by Grandmasters Igor V. Ivanov and Kevin Spraggett. Day survived a bout with cancer in the late-1990s. He served as the non-playing captain of the Canadian team for the 2006 Turin Olympiad. He was granted an Honorary GM title by the Commonwealth Chess Association in 2006.
In his youth, Day often stuck close to theoretical opening lines, but as his style matured, he ventured into uncharted territory more frequently. His style is an eclectic blend of main line theory and offbeat systems, which makes him very difficult to prepare for. Somewhat unusual for a top player, he would sometimes use the mercurial King's Gambit. One line he picked up from Bohatirchuk was the Chigorin Variation against the French Defence (1.e4 e6 2.Qe2), and he played this with success. During his peak years, his use of the Modern Defence placed him near the leading edge of world research there; he developed the Pterodactyl Variation and used it with success against strong players. Other favorite lines were the Closed Variation of the Sicilian Defence, the Grand Prix Attack against the Sicilian, and the Old Indian Defence.
Day was the Games Editor for Chess Canada Magazine and wrote the tournament book for the 1972 Closed Canadian Championship. He wrote a booklet on The Big Clamp opening system and co-authored a 1982 book on the Grand Prix Sicilian line with English Grandmaster Julian Hodgson. He wrote a book about the life and games of the late Canadian International Master Bryon Nickoloff (1956-2004), a close friend, published in 2007 by Chess'n Math Association. He is constantly updating his own selection of games, for eventual publication. Day became the chess columnist for the high circulation Toronto Star newspaper in 1976, and has written a popular weekly column ever since, now more than 1,500 in total, usually featuring some newsy information from around the chess world (peppered with his insightful analysis), a Master game with notes, and a chess problem, the answer to which is provided the following week. Since the late 1960s, he has been a successful contributor to Canadian chess magazines, respected widely for his great stories blended with incisive notes.