|Born||August 28, 1991
Minsk, Belarusian SSR, Soviet Union
|Peak rating||2455 (November 2009)|
|Peak ranking||No. 34 woman (July 2009)|
Elena Tairova (Belarusian: Алена Таірава, Alena Tairava; Russian: Елена Таирова; August 28, 1991 - March 16, 2010) was a Belarusian and Russian chess player with the titles of International Master and Woman Grandmaster.
Tairova won the European Under-10 Girls Championship in 2001, while playing for Belarus, and the World Under-14 Girls Championship in 2005. She was the runner-up in the European Under-12 Girls Championship of 2003 and in the European Under-14 Girls Championship of 2004. She won the bronze medal at the World Under-14 Girls Championship.
Tairova was awarded the titles of Woman Grandmaster in 2006 and International Master in 2007. She won the Russian U-20 girls championship of 2006. In December of the same year, she was the runner-up in the Superfinal of the Russian women’s championship.
In May 2007, Tairova played board five for the Russian team that won the silver medal in the 1st Women's World Team Chess Championship in Yekaterinburg. In July 2007, she finished third in the Queens Woman Grandmasters tournament in Bad Homburg, behind Zhao Xue and Elisabeth Pähtz. In 2007, she participated in the Russia vs China match and tied for first at the Russian Superfinal 2007, beating Nadezhda Kosintseva, among others.
On March 16, 2010, Tairova died from a chronic undisclosed illness at the age of 18.