Chess tournaments Chess strategy Computer chess Chess players FIDE Chess variants Chess rules and history

Chadarangam

a b c d e f g h
8
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Chadarangam initial position. First row: Enugu, Gurramu, Sakatamu, Mantri, Raju, Sakatamu, Gurramu, Enugu. Second row: Bantlu.

Chadarangam (Telugu: చదరంగము) is an Andhra or Telugu version of Indian chess, Chaturanga. It became very famous among kings and courtesans. Previously chariots (Ratha) were used in warfare, but in medieval times chariots were replaced by camels (Oṣṭra). So, the bishop in olden days was called Ratha / Śakaṭa and in medieval ages was called Oṣṭra.

Etymology

This name may be derived from the Sanskrit word Chaturanga or Persian word Chatrang. The Sanskrit word Chaturanga has a direct meaning "having four limbs". But in a military context it has meaning "an entire army (comprising elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry)".

The game pieces

Names

Chadaranga Pikkalu
Rāju (king)
Mantri (minister or queen)
Enugu (elephant or rook)
Śakaṭamu (chariot or bishop)
Gurramu (horse or knight)
Banṭu (foot-soldier or pawn)

Pieces will be of two colours: black (Nalla) and white (Tella). In Telugu, pieces are called pikka (plural - pikkalu). Each side has mainly six types of pieces, namely:

Movements

Their movements are designed accordingly in the Chadarangam as:

(Soltis 2004:6), (Silman 1998:340), (Polgar & Truong 2005:11).

Significance

Pieces Symbol Value
Banṭu 1
Gurramu 3
Śagaṭu 3
Enugu 6
Mantri 13

The position and movements of pieces (Anga) correctly suit the reality of Indian warfare:

Some important rules

Terminology

Valuations

Read more:

COMMENTS
Tabletop games: Rules and Strategy