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30th Chess Olympiad

Logo of the Chess Olympiad 1992

The 30th Chess Olympiad, organized by FIDE and comprising an open and a women's tournament, as well as several other events designed to promote the game of chess, took place between June 7 and June 25, 1992, at the Philippine International Convention Center in Manila, Philippines.

Following the fall of the Iron Curtain, the field of competitors was quite different from previous Olympiads. Twelve of the 15 former Soviet republics now competed as independent nations - and they all finished in the top half. Meanwhile, an all-German team was present for the first time since World War II. Of the former Yugoslav republics, Croatia, Bosnia, and Slovenia appeared independently; Serbia-Montenegro and Macedonia did not. This Olympiad also marked the final appearance of Czechoslovakia and the re-appearance of South Africa.

With the Soviet team a thing of the past, all three medal ranks were now occupied by different ex-Soviet teams. Russia, captained by world champion Kasparov, took up the illustrious legacy of their predecessor and won by four points. Uzbekistan's silver was a small surprise; the Armenian bronze less so.

Open event

One-hundred-two teams from 100 different nations played a 14-round Swiss system tournament. One-hundred-four teams were signed up, but Yemen and Kenya never showed up, both forfeited their first two matches and were subsequently eliminated. Once again, the host nation had the right to field two additional teams.

In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; 2. Match points; and 3. The Sonneborn-Berger system.

Open event
# Country Players Average
rating
Points
1 Russia Kasparov, Khalifman, Dolmatov, Dreev, Kramnik, Vyzmanavin 2648 39
2 Uzbekistan Loginov, Serper, Nenashev, Zagrebelny, Saltaev, Iuldachev 2514 35
3 Armenia Vaganian, Akopian, Lputian, Minasian, Petrosian, Anastasian 2575 34½
# Country Average
rating
Points Buchholz MP
4 United States 2611 34
5 Latvia 2566 33½ 450.0
6 Iceland 2544 33½ 443.0
7 Croatia 2523 33½ 440.0
8 Georgia 2560 33 450.0
9 Ukraine 2629 33 449.5
10 England 2638 33 444.5
11 Israel 2544 32½ 450.0
12 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2599 32½ 443.5
13 Germany 2580 32½ 433.5
14 Czechoslovakia 2536 32½ 432.0
15 Switzerland 2488 32½ 425.5
16 China 2523 32½ 408.5
17 Hungary 2588 32 447.0
18 Sweden 2551 32 440.0
19 Bulgaria 2541 32 430.5
20 Colombia 2448 32 420.5
21 Slovenia 2439 32 409.5
22 India 2531 31½
23 Netherlands 2584 31 457.5
24 Lithuania 2530 31 439.0
25 Estonia 2525 31 426.5
26 Peru 2584 31 422.5
27 France 2521 31 419.0
28 Brazil 2476 31 414.0
29 Italy 2430 30½ 423.5
30 Turkmenistan 2284 30½ 405.5
31 Philippines 2478 30½ 404.5
32 Poland 2480 30 425.5 16
33 Norway 2429 30 425.5 14
34 Argentina 2483 30 423.0
35 Moldova 2490 30 421.5
36 Romania 2485 30 414.5
37 Turkey 2363 30 396.5
38 Kyrgyzstan 2429 29½ 428.0
39 Greece 2490 29½ 420.5
40 Indonesia 2424 29½ 414.5
41 Spain 2483 29½ 411.0
42 Philippines "C" 2355 29½ 407.5
43 Portugal 2440 29½ 404.5
44 Philippines "B" 2399 29½ 401.0
45 Kazakhstan 2376 29 416.5
46 Australia 2473 29 416.0
47 Austria 2355 29 407.0
48 Denmark 2436 28½ 411.0
49 Finland 2440 28½ 410.5
50 Belgium 2454 28½ 401.0
51 Mexico 2465 28½ 395.5
52 Singapore 2391 28½ 395.0
53 Vietnam 2243 28½ 390.5
54 Canada 2435 28½ 385.0
55 Scotland 2424 28 404.0
56 Tunisia 2331 28 387.0
57 Chile 2399 27½ 402.5
58 Mongolia 2316 27½ 398.0
59 Andorra 2260 27½ 363.0
60 Bangladesh 2183 27½ 350.0
61 New Zealand 2341 27 390.5
62 Puerto Rico 2249 27 369.0
63 South Africa 2064 27 349.0
64 Egypt 2388 26½ 397.5
65 Faroe Islands 2266 26½ 384.5
66 Algeria 2304 26½ 374.0
67 United Arab Emirates 2060 26½ 373.0
68 Sri Lanka 2136 26½ 359.0
69 Lebanon 2111 26½ 355.5
70 Pakistan 2106 26 388.0
71 Luxembourg 2263 26 379.5
72 Japan 2121 26 366.0 15
73 Thailand 2136 26 366.0 12
74 Angola 2263 26 361.0
75 Wales 2298 25½ 384.5
76 Nigeria 2051 25½ 372.0
77 Morocco 2285 25½ 366.5 13
78 Malaysia 2171 25½ 366.5 11
79 Qatar 2073 25½ 358.0
80 Nicaragua 2065 25½ 349.0
81 San Marino 2103 25½ 334.5
82 Ireland 2311 25 381.5
83 Uganda 2280 25 346.0
84 Mauritania 2051 25 318.5
85 Hong Kong 2274 24½ 365.0
86 Botswana 2161 24½ 349.5
87 Netherlands Antilles 2000 24½ 310.0
88 Cyprus 2104 24
89 Zimbabwe 2051 23½ 371.0
90 Liechtenstein 2053 23½ 311.5
91 Papua New Guinea 2103 23 335.0
92 Malta 2000 23 327.0
93 Jamaica 2110 22½ 367.0
94 Guernsey and Jersey 2000 22½ 317.5
95 Mali 2051 22 317.0
96 Brunei 2000 22 306.5
97 United States Virgin Islands 2054 21½
98 Palestine 2000 21
99 Fiji 2051 20½
100 Bermuda 2138 18
101 El Salvador 2123 16
102 Seychelles 2000 14

Individual medals

Best game

The 'Best game' prize (along with 4,000 DM) went to Garry Kasparov (Russia) - Predrag Nikolić (Bosnia and Herzegovina) from round 13.

Women's results

Sixty-two teams from 61 different nations (including Philippines "B") played a 14-round Swiss system tournament. Morocco and Zimbabwe were signed up, but didn't show up for their first round matches and were disqualified. Their first three matches were listed as forfeit, after which they were officially withdrawn.

In the event of a draw, the tie-break was decided by 1. The Buchholz system; 2. Match points; and 3. The Sonneborn-Berger system.

Like the open event, the first women's tournament after the dissolution of the Soviet Union was dominated by the former Soviet republics. The Georgian team with two former world champions, Chiburdanidze and Gaprindashvili, took the gold, ahead of Ukraine and China, the latter led by reigning world champion Xie Jun. Defending champions Hungary, once again without any of the famous Polgar sisters, had to settle for fourth place.

# Country Players Average
rating
Points
1 Georgia Chiburdanidze, Gaprindashvili, Ioseliani, Gurieli 2460 30½
2 Ukraine Galliamova-Ivanchuk, Litinskaya, Chelushkina, Semenova 2373 29
3 China Xie Jun, Peng Zhaoqin, Wang Pin, Qin Kanying 2398 28½
# Country Average
rating
Points Buchholz
4 Hungary 2343 26½
5 Russia 2347 26
6 Romania 2317 25 350.0
7 Azerbaijan 2293 25 342.0
8 Kazakhstan 2277 24½ 347.0
9 United States 2353 24½ 346.5
10 Czechoslovakia 2247 24 338.0
11 Estonia 2232 24 324.5
12 Latvia 2220 24 304.0
13 Poland 2308 23½ 322.5
14 Bulgaria 2280 23½ 313.5
15 Kyrgyzstan 2215 23 328.5
16 Lithuania 2187 23 312.0
17 Moldova 2158 23 310.5
18 Indonesia 2047 22½ 310.0
19 Switzerland 2245 22½ 309.0
20 Greece 2285 22½ 303.5
21 Turkmenistan 2000 22½ 295.5
22 England 2263 22 312.5
23 Mongolia 2078 22 305.5
24 India 2148 22 302.5
25 Israel 2175 22 302.0
26 Slovenia 2065 22 299.5
27 Bangladesh 2002 22 264.0
28 Netherlands 2208 21½ 320.0
29 Argentina 2240 21½ 306.0
30 Croatia 2223 21½ 301.0
31 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2135 21½ 294.5
32 Sweden 2102 21½ 292.5
33 Armenia 2175 21½ 292.0
34 Vietnam 2082 21½ 288.5
35 Brazil 2088 21½ 277.0
36 Germany 2252 21 326.5
37 Norway 2083 21 298.0
38 Australia 2050 21 289.5
39 Philippines 2012 21 262.5
40 Austria 2062 20 302.5
41 Spain 2225 20 294.5
42 Scotland 2013 20 289.0
43 Venezuela 2018 20 274.0
44 Finland 2095 19½ 302.0
45 Canada 2072 19½ 286.0
46 France 2112 19½ 284.5
47 Malaysia 2008 19½ 279.0
48 Turkey 2048 19½ 267.5
49 Portugal 2012 19½ 250.0
50 Italy 2000 19½ 241.0
51 Philippines "B" 2000 19½ 238.5
52 Mexico 2033 19 275.0
53 Wales 2060 19 246.5
54 Algeria 2002 18½ 250.5
55 Singapore 2000 18½ 237.5
56 Sri Lanka 2000 17½ 249.0
57 Ireland 2033 17½ 233.5
58 Nigeria 2000 14½
59 Angola 2002 11½ 237.0
60 United Arab Emirates 2000 11½ 235.5
61 New Zealand 2012 11
62 Seychelles 2000 5

Individual medals

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