Scrabble Word games

Scrabble letter distributions

A full English-language set of Scrabble tiles

Many editions of the word board game Scrabble vary in the letter distribution of the tiles, because the frequency of each letter of the alphabet is different for every language. As a general rule, the rarer the letter the more points it is worth.

Many languages use sets of 102 tiles, since the original distribution of one hundred tiles was later augmented with two blank tiles. In tournament play, while it is acceptable to pause the game to count the tiles remaining in the game, it is not acceptable to mention how many tiles are remaining at any time. Several online tools exist for counting tiles during friendly play.

Table of contents
  • English
  • Afrikaans
  • Anglo-Saxon
  • Arabic
  • Armenian
  • Bambara
  • Basque
  • Breton
  • Bulgarian
  • Catalan
  • Croatian
  • Czech
  • Dakelh
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • Esperanto
  • Estonian
  • Faroese
  • Finnish
  • French
  • German
  • Greek
  • Haitian Creole
  • Hawaiian
  • Hebrew
  • Hungarian
  • Icelandic
  • Indonesian
  • IPA English
  • Irish
  • Italian
  • Latin
  • Latvian
  • L33t
  • Lithuanian
  • Lojban
  • Malagasy
  • Malaysian
  • Māori
  • Norwegian
  • Nuxalk
  • Pinyin
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Scottish Gaelic
  • Slovak
  • Slovenian
  • Spanish
  • Swedish
  • Turkish
  • Tuvan
  • Ukrainian
  • Welsh
  • References

English

English Scrabble letter distribution
(Number of tiles across, point values down)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x8 x9 x12
0 [blank]
1 L S U N R T O A I E
2 G D
3 B C M P
4 F H V W Y
5 K
8 J X
10 Q Z
Super Scrabble letter distribution
x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10 x13 x15 x16 x24
0 [blank]
1 L U S I N R O T A E
2 G D
3 B P C M
4 V F W Y H
5 K
8 J X
10 Q Z

English-language editions of Scrabble contain 100 letter tiles, in the following distribution:

The total number of points is 187.

When Alfred Butts invented the game, he initially experimented with different distributions of letters. A popular story claims that Butts created an elaborate chart by studying the front page of The New York Times to create his final choice of letter distributions.

In 2004, Super Scrabble was launched. For international distribution outside the United States and Canada, and under license from Mattel, the game is manufactured by Leisure Tends' Tinderbox Games; and, for distribution within the United States and Canada, under license from Hasbro, the game is manufactured by Winning Moves. This set is composed of 200 tiles:

Afrikaans

Afrikaans letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x8 x9 x16
0 [blank]
1 D O R S T I N A E
2 H L G
3 K W
4 M U Y
5 P V
8 B F
10 J

The Afrikaans editions use these 102 tiles:

Afrikaans uses the letters Z and X, but so infrequently that there are no tiles for them in the standard set. A blank can still be used as a Z or an X. There are also no tiles for C and Q as these letters are not used at all in Afrikaans, except for in a few loanwords. These letters, however, cannot be used even if with a blank.

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x9 x14
0 [blank]
1 G H I L D S O R A I N E
2 F M T W
3 Æ C U
4 Ð Þ Y
5 B
8 P
10 X

The Anglo-Saxon editions use these 100 tiles:

Anglo-Saxon uses the letter K, but it only occurs in one word (kyning) and loanwords, so there is no tile for it. J, V, Q, and Z are only used in loanwords. Anglo-Saxon uses the letter Ƿ, but it was replaced by W in this set because it can be easily confused with P. Anglo-Saxon also uses the letter Ȝ, but it is a typographic variant of G, so it is not included. This version is hand-made and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Arabic

Arabic-language editions use the following 100 tiles:

Although Arabic letters have up to four forms, Scrabble tiles only make use of the isolated form. This pattern of composing words is also found in Arabic crosswords and is one of the rare situations when Arabic letters are not connected to each other.

Armenian

Armenian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10 x18
0 [blank]
1 Ս Կ Ն Ո Ե Ի Ա
2 Է Հ Մ Յ Պ Տ Ր Ւ
3 Վ Բ Գ Դ Ք Լ
4 Խ Շ Ռ
5 Թ Ծ Ղ Ց
6 Զ Ճ Չ Ջ
8 Ժ Ձ Փ Օ
10 Ը Ֆ

Armenian-language editions use the following 146 tiles. The board is 17x17 instead of 15x15. This version is called ԲԱՈ ԽԱՆ (bao khagh, meaning words game) and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Notice that this distribution lacks և. It does not have an uppercase form, and it can also be formed as a ligature of ե/Ե and ւ/Ւ.

Bambara

Bambara letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x15
0 [blank]
1 B M E Ɛ I K L N O A
2 R S Y U
3 D T Ɔ
4 F G W
8 C Ɲ J
10 H Ŋ P Z

Bambara-language Scrabble sets use these 106 tiles:

Q , V, and X are absent because these letters are not used in Bambara. This version is hand-made and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Basque

Basque letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x9 x12 x14
0 [blank]
1 O T U N I E A
2 K R
3 D
4 B Z
5 G H L S
8 J M P RR TS TX TZ
10 F X

Basque-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles. Called Euskarbel, this is not an official edition by Mattel.

C, Ç, Ñ, Q, V, W and Y are absent because they are only used in loanwords. Digraphs can be formed with two tiles.

Breton

Breton letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9 x12 x14
0 [blank]
1 I L T U O R N A E
2 D
3 H G S V
4 CH C'H B K M Z ZH
5 P
10 F J W Y

Breton-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.

C, Q, and X are absent because they are only used in loanwords or, in the case of C, the digraphs CH and C'H. Diacritical marks are ignored.

Bulgarian

Bulgarian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x9
0 [blank]
1 Н П Р С Т Е И А О
2 Б К Л В Д М
3 Ъ Г
4 Ж З
5 Й Х Ч Я У
8 Ц Ш Ю
10 Ф Щ Ь

Bulgarian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, use the following 102 tiles:

Catalan

Catalan letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x12 x13
0 [blank]
1 L U O T N I R S A E
2 C D M
3 B G P
4 F V
8 H J Q Z
10 Ç L·L NY X
Catalan letter distribution (super clone)
x1 x2 x3 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10 x12 x16 x17 x18 x25 x27
0 [blank]
1 U L O T N R I S A E
2 C D M
3 B G P
4 F V
8 H J QU Z
10 NY X
12 Ç
15 L·L
A full Catalan-language set.

Catalan-language editions use these 100 tiles.

Accents and diaereses are ignored; for example, À is played as A. Nevertheless, there are special tiles for the C with cedilla Ç (ce trencada), the ligature L·L representing the geminated ell (ela geminada), as well as the digraph NY. Playing an N tile followed by a blank tile to form the digraph NY is not allowed. Official rules treat the Q tile as just one letter, but usually Catalan players use the Q tile like the QU digraph and all Catalan Scrabble Clubs use this de facto rule. (Catalan) K, W, and Y are absent because they are only used in loanwords or, in the case of Y, the digraph NY. Blanks cannot be used to represent K, W, or Y

There is a Catalan Scrabble clone which uses the same 21x21 board as Super Scrabble. It includes the following 200 tiles, with the Q tile replaced with the QU digraph, and with two of the special tiles, Ç and L·L, increased in value:

Croatian

Croatian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x9 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 J U R S T N E O I A
2 K M P V
3 B Č G L Z D
4 C H LJ NJ Š Ž
5 Ć
8 F
10 DŽ Đ

Croatian-language Scrabble sets use the following 103 tiles:

Q, W, X and Y are not included, as Croatian does not use those letters.

Czech

Czech letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6
0 [blank]
1 D K L P R I S T V A E N O
2 Á J Y Z C H Í M U
3 B É Ě
4 Č Ů Ž Ř Š Ý
5 F G Ú
6 Ň
7 Ó Ť
8 Ď
10 X

Czech-language sets use the following 100 tiles:

Q and W are absent because they are only used in loanwords, though W can be played with a blank.

Czech letter distribution (old)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7
0 [blank]
1 N P T V Y I K L R E S A O
2 Á B D Í J M U
3 C H Š Z
4 Č CH Ř Ž
5 É Ů Ý Ě
6 Ň Ť Ú
8 Ď F G
10 Ó

The old Czech distribution was as follows:

Note that this distribution had no X tile because it was only used in loanwords. This distribution had a CH tile. Now this is played as C followed by H.

Dakelh

Dakelh letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x7 x8 x10
0 [blank]
1 A I L O T ' N H U
2 E S
3 Z D
4 K
5 G Y
7 W
8 B
10 C J M

Dakelh-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.

F, P, Q, R, V, and X are absent because these letters are not used in Dakelh.

Danish

Danish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9
0 [blank]
1 N R A E
2 D L O S T
3 F G M U V B I K
4 H J P Y Æ Ø Å
8 X Z C

Danish-language Scrabble sets use these 100 tiles.

This distribution lacks Q and W, which are rare in the Danish language. Arguably C, X, and Z do not exist in Danish either, but they are included as they are sometimes used in borrowed words.

Dutch

Dutch letter distribution #1
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x10 x18
0 [blank]
1 I A O N E
2 D R S T
3 B P G K L M
4 F H J V Z U
5 C W
8 X Y
10 Q
Dutch letter distribution #1 (old)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x10 x18
0 [blank]
1 I A O N E
2 G S D R T
3 B P K L M
4 F H IJ J V Z U
5 C W
8 X Y
10 Q
Dutch letter distribution #2
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x16
0 [blank]
1 I A O N E
2 D R S T
3 B G K L M P
4 F H IJ J V Z U
5 C W
8 X
10 Q

Dutch-language editions consist of the following 102 tiles:

Prior to March 1998, there was a difference between the Dutch and the Flemish version: the Dutch version had 2 IJ tiles with a value of 4 points. Furthermore, it had only 1 F and only 4 S tiles; and the face value of the G was only 2 points. The Flemish version never had IJ tiles, it was as described above. The Dutch version is now in line with the Flemish one. Instead of the IJ letter a combination of the I and J is now used.

Another Dutch version prior to March 1998 consisted of these 100 tiles:

Esperanto

Esperanto letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x8
0 [blank]
1 L T U N R S A E I O
2 D J P K M
3 F G Ĝ V
4 C Ŝ B Ĉ
5 Z
8 H Ŭ
10 Ĥ Ĵ

Esperanto Scrabble exists as an Internet game (Rules for Esperanto scrabble) and as a commercially-produced custom set.

Esperanto-language sets use these 100 tiles:

Q, W, X, and Y are not present, since Esperanto does not use those letters.

Estonian

Estonian letter distribution
x1 x2 x4 x5 x7 x8 x9 x10
0 [blank]
1 K L O U T S E I A
2 R D M N
3 G V
4 B H J P Õ
5 Ä Ü
6 Ö
8 F
10 Š Z Ž

Estonian-language editions consist of the following 102 tiles:

The distribution lacks C, Q, W, X, and Y, since they are used in foreign words. Arguably F, Š, Z, and Ž do not exist in Estonian either, but they are included as they are used for borrowed words.

Faroese

Faroese letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 S U E T N R I A
2 G K L M V
3 F H Ð O
4 B D
5 Í J P Y
6 Á Ó Ø
8 Æ Ú
10 Ý

Faroese-language editions consist of the following 106 tiles:

The distribution lacks C, Q, W, X, and Z, since these letters are not used in Faroese. This version is hand-made and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Finnish

Finnish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x7 x8 x9 x10
0 [blank]
1 S E N T A I
2 K L O Ä
3 M U
4 H J P R V Y
7 D Ö
8 B F G
10 C

Finnish-language sets use these 100 tiles:

This distribution lacks Q, Š, W, X, Z, Ž, and Å, since they are virtually absent in Finnish. Arguably B, C, F, and G (outside the digraph NG) do not exist in Finnish either, but they are included as they are used for borrowed words, and F in some western dialects.

French

French letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x5 x6 x8 x9 x15
0 [blank]
1 L N O R S T U I A E
2 G D M
3 B C P
4 F H V
8 J Q
10 K W X Y Z
A complete French Scrabble set

French-language editions of Scrabble contain these 102 tiles:

Diacritical marks are ignored.

See also

German

German letter distribution (current)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9 x15
0 [blank]
1 D A I R T U S N E
2 G L O H
3 W Z B M
4 P C F K
6 Ä J Ü V
8 Ö X
10 Q Y
German letter distribution (former)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 x10 x16
0 [blank]
1 A D U R S I N E
2 W G C L O H T
3 B K Z F M
4 P V
5 Ü
6 Ä J
8 Ö X
10 Q Y
German letter distribution (Selchow and Righter)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x12
0 [blank]
1 O U R T A S N I E
2 Ä Ö Ü G L C D H
3 B F K P M
4 V W Z
8 J
10 Q X Y
German letter distribution (super)
x2 x4 x6 x8 x10 x11 x14 x17 x29
0 [blank]
1 D A I R T U S N E
2 G L O H
3 W Z B M
4 P C F K
6 Ä J Ü V
8 Ö X
10 Q Y

German-language editions of Scrabble contain 102 letter tiles, in the following distribution:

Note that the letter ß (Eszett) is not used. This is due to the fact that it does not exist as a capital letter in German. While a majuscule ß (see Capital ß) has been established in the context of computing (Unicode), ß is replaced by SS when capitalizing, according to German orthography (e. g. Straße [street]: STRASSE). However, the umlauts Ä, Ö and Ü must not be replaced by AE, OE or UE when playing (as would usually be done in German crosswords where ß is also replaced by SS). Other diacritics which may occur in some foreign words are ignored (é = E, œ = OE etc.)

Complete Set of old German Scrabble Tiles

Before 1989-1990, German sets had 119 tiles. Players had eight tiles at a time on their racks, as opposed to the standard seven today. The old letter distribution was:

A third blank was included in the set, but not included in the game. It was just used so that the tiles could be packaged in equal sized rows.

German sets sold in North America by Selchow and Righter in the 1970s and 80s had 100 tiles, with a distribution as follows:

In 2008, a German edition of the Mattel-licensed product, Super Scrabble, was released by the game publisher Piatnik. The set is composed of the following 200 tiles:

The underlines indicate the distribution contains one tile fewer for the letter than would be if the 102 tiles of the current language set were simply doubled.

Greek

Greek letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 x12
0 [blank]
1 Ν Η Σ Ε Ι Τ Ο Α
2 Κ Π Υ Ρ
3 Λ Μ Ω
4 Γ Δ
8 Β Φ Χ
10 Ζ Θ Ξ Ψ

Greek-language editions of Scrabble contain 104 tiles.

Haitian Creole

Haitian Creole letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x8 x9
0 [blank]
1 I E A N
2 È K L M O OU P S T Y
3 D
4 CH F G J Ò R V W B
7 Z
8 À UI
10 H

Haitian Creole-language editions of Scrabble contain these 100 tiles:

Q and X have no tiles as they are not used in Haitian Creole, while C is only used in the digraph CH, and U in OU and UI. This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Hawaiian

Hawaiian letter distribution
x1 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x11 x20 x21
0 [blank]
1 A
2 O K
3 I N
4 E
5 U
6 H
7 L
8 M P
9 W

Hawaiian-language editions of Scrabble contain these 100 tiles:

B, C, D, F, G, J, Q, R, S, T, V, X, Y, and Z have no tiles as they are not used in Hawaiian. This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel. Note that there should be 30 A's, and only 11 K's.

Hebrew

Hebrew letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x8 x9 x10 x12
0 [blank]
1 ה ר ת י ו
2 א ל מ ש
3 ד נ
4 ח פ ק ב
5 ג כ ע
8 ז ט ס צ

Hebrew sets use these 104 tiles:

In the set, the final form letters ך, ם, ן, ף and ץ are not available and the normal form is used.

Hungarian

Hungarian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6
0 [blank]
1 I M O S Á L N R T A E K
2 B D G Ó
3 H SZ V É
4 F GY J Ö P U Ü Z
5 C Í NY
7 CS Ő Ú Ű
8 LY ZS
10 TY

Hungarian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

DZ and DZS, which are fairly rare in Hungarian, have no tiles, nor do Q, W, X and Y, which are only used in loanwords, as part of the extended Hungarian alphabet.

Icelandic

Icelandic letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10
0 [blank]
1 T E S U R I N A
2 K L M G Ð
3 H V F O
4 Á D Í Þ
5 J Æ
6 B É Ó
7 Y Ö
8 P Ú
9 Ý
10 X

Icelandic-language sets use these 104 tiles:

This distribution lacks C, Q, W, and Z, since they are rarely used in Icelandic.

Indonesian

Indonesian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x9 x19
0 [blank]
1 O S R T U E I N A
2 K M
3 G D
4 H P L
5 F W Y B
8 V C
10 J Z

Indonesian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

Q, and X, are absent because they are only present in loanwords.

IPA English

IPA English letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7
0 [blank]
1 ɛ z d i m k ɹ ɪ l s t ə n
2 b oʊ p ɑ æ
3 aɪ eɪ f ɡ ɔ v
4 h ŋ ʃ u w
5 dʒ j tʃ
8 aʊ ɔɪ θ ʊ
10 ð ʒ

IPA sets use these 104 tiles:

ɒ and a are not included as they are allophones of ɑ. e is an allophone of eɪ. ɫ is an allophone of l. ɱ is an allophone of m. o is an allophone of oʊ. ɾ and r are allophones of ɹ. ʌ is an allophone of ə. ʍ is an allophone of w. ʔ is not considered a phoneme in English. The affricates ts and dz do not have their own tiles, and so must be formed with two. The sounds ɐ, β, ʙ, ɓ, c, , ɕ, ç, ɗ, ɖ, ɘ, ɣ, ɤ, ɠ, ɢ, ʛ, ħ, ʜ, ɦ, ɥ, ɧ, ɨ, ɟ, ʄ, ʝ, , ɭ, ɬ, ɮ, ʟ, ɯ, ɰ, ɲ, ɳ, ɴ, ø, ɵ, œ, ɶ, , q, , ɻ, ɽ, ɺ, ʀ, ʁ, ʂ, , ʈ, ʉ, ʋ, , x, χ, y, ʏ, ʎ, ʐ, ʑ, ʡ, ʕ, and ʢ, ǀ, ǁ, ǃ, ʘ, and ǂ are not used in English. An extended version has 1 ʙ worth 14, 1 ʛ worth 12, 1 ħ worth 9, 1 worth 11, 1 ɮ worth 11, 1 ɲ worth 13, 1 ʉ worth 11, 1 worth 11, 1 ǃ worth 16, and 1 ʘ worth 18. This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Irish

Irish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x7 x10 x13
0 [blank]
1 E S N R H I A
2 G U C D L O T
4 Á F Í M
8 É Ó Ú
10 B P
Irish letter distribution (Scrabble3D)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x11
0 [blank]
1 E O S Á Í L N R I A
2 C Ċ D G M Ó T Ú
3 B Ḃ É Ṫ U
4 Ḋ F Ġ
5
8 P Ṡ
10 Ḟ Ṗ

Irish-language sets use these 100 tiles:

J, K, Q, V, W, X, Y, and Z are absent since they are rarely used in the Irish language.

An alternate set, used by Scrabble3D along with the official set, has these 100 tiles:

Note that H is not in this set because it is only used at the beginning of the words starting with vowels, which is against the rules there. Note: This set uses the old orthography. In the new orthography, the dotted letters are replaced by the digraph of the letter without the dot followed by H.

Italian

Italian letter distribution #1
x1 x2 x3 x5 x6 x11 x12 x14 x15
0 [blank]
1 E I A O
2 C R S T
3 L M N U
5 B D F P V
8 G H Z
10 Q
Italian letter distribution #2
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x13
0 [blank]
1 A E I O
2 N R S T
3 L M U
4 C V
5 B D G P
8 F H Z
10 Q
Scarabeo letter distribution
x2 x4 x6 x7 x12
0 [blank]
1 C R S T A E I O
2 L M N
3 P
4 B D F G U V
8 H Z
10 Q

Italian-language sets use these 120 tiles:

Diacritic marks are ignored. The letters J, K, W, X, and Y are absent since these letters do not exist in Italian and are only used in loanwords. Another set uses these 120 tiles:

Scarabeo is an Italian variant of Scrabble that is much more popular in its native country than the original game. It is played with a 17x17 board, and uses these 130 tiles.

Latin

Latin letter distribution (Toronto)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x7 x8 x9 x12
0 [blank]
1 O R S T A I V E
2 D L C M N
3 Q
4 B G P X
8 F H
Latin letter distribution (Cambridge)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 x11
0 [blank]
1 N T U S A R E I
2 C M O
3 D
4 L P
5 B V
6 F G X
10 H Q
Latin letter distribution (Curculio)
x0 x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 x10 x12
0 [blank]
1 L M O N R S T A V E I
2 D P
3 B C
4 F G H Q
8 X
10 Y (when used for blank)
15 Z (when used for blank)
20 K (when used for blank)

There are three kinds of Latin-language Scrabble sets developed by three authorities in the language.

The first distribution, developed by the Centre for Medieval Studies of the University of Toronto, uses these 100 tiles:

The second distribution below was made "in conjunction with scholars from the University of Cambridge and elsewhere, together with the Cambridge Schools Classics Project." This distribution distinguishes U from V, with the semi-vocalic V scoring five times the points. Y is absent in both sets because it is rare in Latin, but is in an extended version of the first distribution, and is worth 10 points there. K and Z are also absent in both sets because they are rare in Latin, while J is not considered separate from I. W is also absent in both sets because it did not exist in ancient times, and is used only in modern borrowed words.

The third distribution is as follows:

According to these rules, if a blank is used as a Y it is worth 10 points, if a blank is used as a Z it is worth 15 points, and if a blank is used as a K it is worth 20 points.

Latvian

Latvian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x9 x11
0 [blank]
1 R U E T S I A
2 L P Ā K M N
3 Z D O V
4 Ē Ī J
5 B C G
6 Ņ Š Ū
8 Ļ Ž
10 Č F Ģ H Ķ

Latvian-language sets use these 104 tiles:

The letters Q, W, X and Y are absent, because they are used in foreign words. Arguably F and H do not exist in Latvian either, but they are included as they are sometimes used for borrowed words.

L33t

L33t Scrabble letter distribution
(Number of tiles across, point values down)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6
0 *
1 S T A I L O U E N R
2 G Z 7 D 0 1 4 3
3 B C M P X
4 F H V W Y
5 K
6 J
10 Q

L33t editions of Scrabble contain 103 letter tiles, in the following distribution:

Lithuanian

Lithuanian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x9 x11
0 [blank]
1 Ą N O T U E L S A R I
2 Ę B G D M P K
3 Ų Ė Š
4 Į V Ž J
5 Ū Z
6 Y
7 C Č
10 F H

Lithuanian-language sets (known as KrisKros Klasik) use these 104 tiles:

The letters Q, W and X are absent, because they are used in foreign words. Arguably F and H do not exist in Lithuanian either, but they are included as they are sometimes used for borrowed words.

Lojban

Lojban letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4
0 [blank]
1 A C E M S T 'A 'E 'I L N U I R
2 O Y CI KA LA LI MA NA RA RI SE B D G J K P 'O 'U
3 F V X Z BA CA DA GA JI KU MI NI NU PA RE RU SA SI TA TE TI XA
4 BI CE CU DE DI DU FA GU JA JU KE KI LE LU MU NE NO PE PI RO SU TO TU VA VI
5 BE BO BU CY DY FE FI FU GE GI JE JY KO KY LO ME MO NY PO PU RY SO SY TY VE XE ZA ZU ZY
6 BY CO DO FO FY GY LY MY PY VO VY XI XU
7 JO ZE
8 XY ZI
10 GO VU

Lojban-language sets use these 160 tiles:

The combination XO is absent as it is only used in 7 words (binxo, ganxo, jerxo, sirxo, xogji, xotli, and xo'u). The combination ZO is absent as it is only used in 7 words (brazo, kinzo, zo'a, zo'e, zo'i, zo'o, and zo'u). The combination ['Y] is absent as it is only used in 1 word (.y'y). The letter . occurs in Lojban, but it is so infrequent that it has no tile. Blanks can be used to represent any of the above letters (including .) and digrams(including XO, ZO, and ['Y]). The letter ['] occurs in Lojban, but only in digrams and never as one letter. The letters H, Q, and W are absent, because these letters are not used in Lojban.

Malagasy

Malagasy letter distribution
x1 x2 x4 x5 x6 x11 x13 x14 x20
0 [blank]
1 E S Y K T I N O A
2 F M V
3 D L
4 B P
6 H J R Z
10 G

Malagasy-language sets use these 102 tiles:

C, Q, U, W, and X are absent because these letters are not used in Malagasy. Diacritical marks are ignored.

Malaysian

Malaysian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x19
0 [blank]
1 M R T K U E I N A
2 L S
3 B D G
4 H O P
5 J Y
8 C W
10 F Z

Malaysian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

Q, V and X are absent because they are only present in loanwords.

Māori

Māori letter distribution
x3 x6 x10 x12 x15 x20 x25
0 [blank]
1 U A I O
2 K N W E R T
3 H M P
4 NG
5 WH

Māori-language sets use these 225 tiles:

G is absent because this letter is only used in the NG digraph in Māori. B, C, D, F, J, L, Q, S, V, X, Y, and Z are absent because these letters are not used in Māori.

Norwegian

Norwegian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9
0 [blank]
1 D I L N R S T A E
2 M F G K O
3 H
4 Å J P B U V
5 Ø
6 Æ Y
8 W
10 C

Norwegian-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

The letters Q, X and Z are absent since these letters are rarely used in Norwegian. These letters and the foreign letters "Ä", "Ö" and "Ü", which are used in a few Norwegian words, can be played with a blank.

Nuxalk

Nuxalk letter distribution
x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9 x10 x12 x20 x25
1 TS U LH M I K T S A
2 TLʼ X Q Qʼ Y L N
3 AA C CW Kʼ KW P Tʼ TSʼ XW
4 UU QW KWʼ W
5 II QWʼ
7
9 H
11 7

The Nuxalk-language edition uses these 213 tiles.

This is a handmade set.

Pinyin

Pinyin letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x10 x13
0 [blank]
1 U I
4 AN E ENG D
5 EN A AO J
6 ANG B EI Ü X ZH H L SH T
7 AI G O OU
8 Ê M N Q R Z

Pinyin Chinese-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

The letter S has no tile as it is almost exclusively used in the digraph SH in Pinyin. The letters C, CH, F, K, andP are used in Pinyin, but so infrequently that they have no tiles. The letters V, W, and Y have no tiles because these letters are not used in Pinyin. Playing digraphs as two separate letters is not allowed.

Polish

Polish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9
0 [blank]
1 R S W N Z O E I A
2 C D K L M P T Y
3 B G H J Ł U
5 Ą Ę F Ó Ś Ż
6 Ć
7 Ń
9 Ź
Polish letter distribution (old)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8
0 [blank]
1 R S W N Z O E A I
2 C D K L M P T Y
3 B G H J Ł U
4 F
5 Ą Ę Ó Ś Ż
6 Ć
7 Ń Ź

Polish-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

This set has been used since 2000. Before that year, a slightly different configuration was used: Ź was worth 7 points, F was worth 4 points, and there were 2 Fs, and 8 As. The letters Q, V and X have always been absent (since they are used in foreign words), and blank tiles cannot be used to represent these.

Portuguese

Portuguese letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10 x11 x14
0 [blank]
1 T M R U S I O E A
2 C P D L
3 Ç B N
4 F G H V
5 J
6 Q
8 X Z

Portuguese-language editions of Scrabble contain 120 tiles.

While Ç is a separate tile, other diacritical marks are ignored. K, W, and Y are absent, since they are only present in loanwords in Portuguese.

Romanian

Romanian letter distribution (current)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 C L O U N R S T E A I
2 P
3 D
4 F V M
6 G
8 H Z B
10 J X
Romanian letter distribution (original)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x9 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 L C O S N U R T E A I
2 D P
4 M
8 F V
9 B G
10 H J X Z

Romanian-language editions of Scrabble use these 100 tiles.

The original (1982) distribution used the following 100 tiles:

Diacritical marks are ignored, so for example à and  are played as A. Both distributions lack K, Q, W and Y, since they are only used in foreign words.

Russian

Russian letter distribution (current)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x10
0 [blank]
1 В И Н Р С Т А Е О
2 М Д К Л П У
3 Ë Б Г Ь Я
4 Й Ы
5 Ж Х Ц Ч З
8 Ш Э Ю
10 Ф Щ Ъ
Russian letter distribution (original)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x9 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 В С Н Р Т А Е И О
2 Д К Л М П У
3 Ь Б Г Ë Я
4 Й Ы
5 Х Ц Ч Ж З
8 Ш Э Ю
10 Ф Щ Ъ

Russian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, contain 104 tiles using this distribution:

The former Soviet distribution had 126 tiles and was as follows:

Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x10 x11 x15
0 [blank]
1 PH SH N O R S E I A
2 BH U CH D DH L
3 B M C G T TH
4 NN
5 À F FH GH MH
6 È Ì Ò P Ù
8 LL RR

Scottish Gaelic-language sets use these 100 tiles:

H is absent because it is only used in the digraphs above. J, K, Q, V, W, X, Y and Z are also absent since they are rarely used in the Scottish Gaelic language. This version is used by Scrabble3D and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Slovak

Slovak letter distribution (original)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x8 x9
0 [blank]
1 R S T V I N E A O
2 D K L P M
3 J U
4 Á C H Y Z B
5 Č Í Š Ý Ž
7 É Ľ Ť Ú
8 Ď F G Ň Ô
10 Ä Ĺ Ó Ŕ X
Slovak letter distribution (current)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x9 x10
0 [blank]
1 T N S V I E A O
2 Á B J Y Z D M P U K L R
3 C Č É H Í Š Ú Ý Ž
4 Ť
5 Ľ
6 F G
7 Ň Ô
8 Ä Ď Ó
9 Ĺ Ŕ X
10 Q W

Slovak-language sets use these 100 tiles:

Q and W are absent because they are only used in loanwords. Arguably X does not exist in Slovak either, but the designer included it as it is used in loanwords.

Since 2013, a new 112-tile set was introduced:

Arguably the Q and W tiles should still not be included, but the manufacturer decided to, so that loanwords can be played. In the tournament rules for accepted words, however, there are only 9 words with W (not including their inflections) and no word with Q, since it is always spelled as KV in Slovak. Some players play these two just as two more blanks, or they just remove them from the set altogether.

Slovenian

Slovenian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x6 x7 x8 x9 x10 x11
0 [blank]
1 J L T R S N O I A E
2 D V
3 M P U K
4 B G Z
5 Č H
6 Š
8 C
10 F Ž

Slovenian-language sets use these 100 tiles:

Q, W, X and Y are absent, because Slovenian does not use those letters.

Spanish

Spanish letter distribution (international)
x1 x2 x4 x5 x6 x9 x12
0 [blank]
1 L T N R U I S O A E
2 G D
3 B M P C
4 F V Y H
5 CH Q
8 J LL Ñ RR X
10 Z
Spanish letter distribution (North America)
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x11
0 [blank]
1 L R T N I U S O A E
2 G C D
3 B M P
4 Y F H V
6 J
8 K LL Ñ Q RR W X
10 Z
Complete tileset in Spanish Scrabble outside North America.

A Spanish Scrabble game completed.

Spanish-language sets sold outside North America use these 100 tiles:

Stress accents are disregarded. The letters K and W are absent since these two letters are rarely used in Spanish words. According to FISE (Federación Internacional de Scrabble en Español) rules, a blank cannot be used to represent K or W.

Using one C and one H tile in place of the CH tile, two L tiles for the LL tile, or two R tiles for the RR tile is also not allowed in Spanish Scrabble (see rules in Spanish provided by the FISE).

Spanish-language sets sold within North America (known as Scrabble - Edición en Español) use - including "K" and "W" but without "CH" - these 103 tiles:

Swedish

Swedish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x5 x6 x7 x8
0 [blank]
1 D I L N E A R S T
2 H G K M O
3 F V Ä
4 B P Ö Å U
7 J Y
8 C X
10 Z
A full Swedish Scrabble set.

Alfapet letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x9
0 [blank] {black] [arrow left] [arrow right]
1 I D L N T E S A R
2 G O
3 H K M P U
4 B F V Ä Ö Å
8 J C Y
10 Q X Z

Swedish-language Scrabble sets (for a long time sold in Sweden as Alfapet, but that is now a different game) use these 100 tiles:

Notice that the letters Å, Ä, and Ö have separate tiles. Diacritical marks are ignored, such as for É (Ü being an exception). The letters Q and W, which are rarely found in Swedish words, are absent. However, they can be played with a blank. The letters Ü and Æ require a blank and (as of 2010) only occur in one and three playable words respectively, müsli and three forms of the word Laestadianism (in Swedish spelt læstadianism).

The Alfapet distribution contains these 120 tiles (including Q but not W):

Notice that the letters Å, Ä, and Ö have separate tiles. Diacritical marks are ignored, such as for É (Ü being an exception). The letter W, which is rarely found in Swedish words, is absent. However, it can be played with a blank. The letters Ü and Æ require a blank and (as of 2010) only occur in one and three playable words respectively, müsli and three forms of the word Laestadianism (in Swedish spelt læstadianism). The black tile can be put in front of a word to create another word adjacent to the black tile and diagonally away from the word. The arrows are used to stop one word and start another one. The arrows are always placed under letters.

Turkish

Turkish letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x12
0 [blank]
1 N T R İ K L E A
2 O S U I M
3 B D Ü Y
4 C Ç Ş Z
5 G H P
7 F Ö V
8 Ğ
10 J

Turkish-language sets use these 100 tiles (including distinct dotted and dotless I tiles):

The letters Q, W, and X are not used in Turkish and therefore do not appear in the set. Blanks may not represent these letters, meaning loanwords that may use them may not appear in the game at all.

(See a completed Turkish Scrabble board:)

Tuvan

Tuvan letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x12
0 - [blank]
1 И У Г К Т Д Е Л Н Р Ы А
2 Ш М О П С Ү Ч
3 АА Б З Й Ң Э
4 В Ж Ө Х ЭЭ
5 ОО УУ ЫЫ Я
6 ИИ ӨӨ ҮҮ
8 Ъ
10 Ё Ю

Tuvan-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, use these 125 tiles:

This version is made for educational purposes and is not an official edition by Mattel.

Ukrainian

Ukrainian letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x8 x9
0 [blank]
1 В Е І Т И Н А О
2 К Р С
3 Д Л М У
4 З Я Ь П
5 Х Б Г Ч
8 Є Ї Й Ж Ц Ш Ю
10 Ґ Ф Щ '

An optimum Ukrainian-language Scrabble sets, which use Cyrillic letters, contain 102 tiles using this distribution:

The apostrophe sign is also included, even though it is not a letter in the Ukrainian alphabet.

Welsh

Welsh letter distribution
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7 x8 x10
0 - [blank]
1 DD W D O I R Y E N A
2 F G L U
3 B M T S
4 C FF H TH
5 CH LL P
8 J
10 NG RH
The box for Welsh-language Scrabble sets.

Welsh-language Scrabble sets use these 105 tiles:

Since there are specific tiles for the digraphs that are considered to be separate letters in Welsh orthography (such as DD), it is not permissible to use the individual letters to spell these out. Diacritics on letters are ignored.

The digraph PH exists in Welsh, but is omitted because it is used almost exclusively in mutated words, which the rules disallow. K, Q, V, X and Z also do not exist in Welsh. Arguably J does not exist in Welsh either, but it is included as it is sometimes used for borrowed words.

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Tabletop games: Rules and Strategy