Miroslav Filip in 1966
|Full name||Miroslav Filip|
|Born||27 October 1928
Prague, Czech Republic
|Peak rating||2510 (July 1971)|
Miroslav Filip (27 October 1928 - 27 April 2009) was a Czech chess grandmaster. Filip was awarded the title of International Master in 1953, and the Grandmaster title in 1955. Filip represented Czechoslovakia in 12 consecutive Chess Olympiads from Helsinki 1952 to Nice 1974, playing 194 games with the overall result (+62 =104 -28).
In 1955 Filip placed seventh in the Göteborg Interzonal, qualifying for the Candidates Tournament, which was held in Amsterdam the following year. He placed eighth out of ten players. (See World Chess Championship 1957.)
In 1962 Filip placed fifth (out of 23 players) in the Stockholm Interzonal. This qualified him for the Candidates tournament in Curaçao, where he tied for last place out of eight players. (See World Chess Championship 1963.)
Filip won the Czechoslovak Chess Championship three times: in 1950 at Gottwaldov, in 1952 at Tatranska Lomnica, and in 1954 in Prague.
He played in the European Team Chess Championship twice: in 1970 he won an individual gold medal for the best score, in 1977 a bronze medal for the third best score. Tournament results include first place at Prague 1956 and second at Marienbad 1960, Buenos Aires 1961 and Bern 1975. In the early 1980s Filip retired from playing professional chess, but remained active as a chess journalist.
The chess game Mikhail Tal vs Miroslav Filip is one of Filip's most famous chess games. Filip was playing with the black pieces against the Latvian Grandmaster and former World Champion Mikhail Tal at the Candidates Tournament at Curaçao in 1962, part of the 1963 World Championship cycle.
Miroslav Filip died at 80 years of age in Prague on 27 April 2009.