Chess tournaments Chess strategy Computer chess Chess players FIDE Chess variants Chess rules and history

Houdini - chess

Developer(s) Robert Houdart
Initial release May 15, 2010
Stable release 4 / November 25, 2013
Development status Active
Written in C++
Operating system Microsoft Windows
Type Chess engine
License Proprietary

Houdini is a UCI chess engine developed by Belgian programmer Robert Houdart. It is influenced by open source engines IPPOLIT/RobboLito, Stockfish, and Crafty. Earlier versions are free for non-commercial use (up to version 1.5a), but later versions (2.0 and onwards) are commercial. As of October 2015, Houdini 4 is the third top-rated chess engines on major chess engine rating lists after Stockfish and Komodo.

Playing style

Chess commentator and video annotator CM Tryfon Gavriel compared Houdini's playing style to that of the Romantic Era of chess, where an attacking, sacrificial style was predominant.

Version history

Version Release date Features
1.0 May 15, 2010 First release
1.01 June 1, 2010 Bug fixes, improved search algorithm
1.02 June 18, 2010 SMP and hash collision bug fixes. Work-around for Shredder GUI.
1.03 July 15, 2010 Multi-PV, searchmove and large page support. Improved evaluation function.
1.03a July 17, 2010 Bug fix for Multi-PV
1.5 December 15, 2010 Improved search and evaluation. Gaviota Table Base Support.
1.5a January 15, 2011 Maintenance update with work-arounds for Fritz GUI and other minor improvements.
2.0 September 1, 2011 First commercial release. Improved analysis capabilities, enhanced search and evaluation. Houdini Pro version for high-end users with powerful hardware (multi-core support). Chess960 support. Strength limit feature. Position learning. Save hash to file, load hash from file, never clear hash.
2.0b November 7, 2011 Maintenance update with minor bug corrections and Nalimov EGTB support.
2.0c November 20, 2011 Maintenance update with minor bug corrections and new analysis options. MultiPV_cp option to limit multi-PV analysis to moves within a range of the best move. FiftyMoveDistance option to make the 50-move rule kick in earlier. UCI_elo and UCI_limitStrength options as UCI standard-compliant alternative to Strength option. Exit on detection with GUI exit.
3.0 October 15, 2012 Major new version. Improved search and evaluation (+50 Elo), Tactical Mode, Scorpio bitbases, accelerated Principal Variation Search "Smart Fail-High", optimized hash usage.
4.0

November 25, 2013

Major new version. Improved search and evaluation (+50 Elo), 6-men Syzygy table bases (coding provided by Ronald de Man)

The latest stable release of Houdini comes in two versions: Houdini 4 Standard and Houdini 4 Pro. Houdini 4 Pro supports up to 32 processor cores, 256 GB of RAM (hash) and is NUMA-aware, Houdini 4 Standard only supports up to six processor cores, 4GB of hash and is not NUMA-aware. As with many other UCI engines, Houdini comes with no GUI, so a chess GUI is needed for running the engine. Houdini 4 uses calibrated evaluations in which engine scores correlate directly with the win expectancy in the position.

Controversial origins

Robert Houdart describes his engine as original and admits taking ideas from the open source programs IPPOLIT/Robbolito, Stockfish and Crafty. However, some chess programmers raised suspicions that Houdart may have taken ideas from the controversial Ippolit/Robbolito source-code "too literally" as the initial base of his program.

Competition results

Houdini has won top honors in the TCEC tournament, which is often regarded as the Unofficial World Computer Chess Championship. Houdini has won three seasons to date, and narrowly failed to qualify for the finals in nTCEC Season 2, having lost out to Komodo and Stockfish.

Notable games

"Houdini Immortal"
a b c d e f g h
8
8
7 7
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
a b c d e f g h
Houdini (Black) is three pawns down but has very active pieces and White's king is exposed.

COMMENTS
Tabletop games: Rules and Strategy