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Forty Thieves - card game

A Patience game
Screenshot of Forty Thieves
Alternative names Big Forty, Le Cadran, Napoleon at Saint Helena, Roosevelt at San Juan
Named variants Indian, Limited, Lucas, Maria, Number Ten, Rank and File, Streets
Family Forty Thieves
Deck Double 52-card

Forty Thieves is a patience card game. It is quite difficult to win, and relies mostly on luck. It is also known as Napoleon at Saint Helena, Roosevelt at San Juan, Big Forty and Le Cadran.

Rules

Variations

Forty Thieves forms the basis for several variant games, most of which have been made easier to win. Common variations are dealing the aces to the foundations at the start of the game, having the tableaus build down by alternating colour rather than by suit, and allowing cards built down on top of a tableau to be moved together. Other variations include allowing use of any card from the waste, dealing some of the tableau cards face down, and changing the number of tableau piles and/or the number of cards in each tableau. The number of possible permutations is vast, and solitaire suites often include several flavours. Here are some of these variants:

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Tabletop games: Rules and Strategy